Remember Hans Brinker, the Dutch boy who put his finger in a hole in the dike to save his country? Remember that picture postcard of a row of majestic windmills under a great blue sky? Remember all those stereotypes of Holland, the wooden clogs, canals, bicycles, pancakes, tulip fields, polders, traditional costume? They’ll all come alive in front of your very eyes on this specially designed tour of nostalgia! The tour starts and finishes in Amsterdam allowing ample opportunity for exploring and museums. We’ve kept cycling distances short to give you more time at top tourist attractions such as Zaanse Schans and Volendam.
Try to arrive early! One can spend an entire fantastic day just wandering through the 17th-century canal district gazing up at the beautiful old townhouses and warehouses... The whole area is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Spend the morning visiting your favourite Amsterdam museum, or sitting in the sun on Rembrandtplein watching the world go by, or go for a walk in the famous red-light district. The possibilities are endless. As you leave the capital in the early afternoon, the urban buzz will soon make way for the peace and quiet of the countryside. This region is called Zuid-Kennemerland. In the low-lying peat landscape clouds are reflected in the water and reed sways in the wind. Top off your day roaming lovely downtown Haarlem, from impressive Grote Markt square, to the white drawbridge on the River Spaarne. Idyllic courtyards, known as ‘hofjes’, will set your heart a-flutter. In April and early May, you have the option of cycling a longer route of ca. 53 km where you can see the tulip fields.
In the morning, continue exploring the streets and squares of historical Haarlem. Should you wish to visit a museum, the Frans Hals museum of paintings from the Golden Age comes recommended. If your interests lie in the field of science, don’t miss exquisite Teijlers museum which has been drawing curious minds since 1784!
At midday, it’s time to jump back on your bikes to make your way along the banks of the River Spaarne to the pretty village of Spaarndam and the IJdijk dike. You’ll love the way some of the cute little old houses are perched high and dry atop the dike while others are sitting safe and snug behind it. Reputedly the oldest lock in the world, Kolksluis is still in working order and standing in such a breathtaking location, you must stop off for a look! The IJdijk is also where the monument stands to remember dear little Hans Brinker, the brave boy who saved the country from flooding by sticking his finger in a hole in the dike. (American fiction from A to Z, but never mind that...).
Pedalling on, you will reach the Zaan region, named after the River Zaan and justly famed for the adorable wooden houses, painted green, with white lace curtains in the windows! You can see several prime examples at Zaanse Schans, also known the world over for its gorgeous row of windmills. This whole place is picture perfect! There are lots of things to do and see here. You can visit windmills, workshops, museums, find out how to make wooden shoes or Dutch cheese... all in the name of nostalgia. After all that, sit down for a well-deserved pancake.
After a few pedals you'll reach recreational park Het Twiske. This is a favourite get-away for the people of Amsterdam. On a hot day, they’ll flee the city and cycle here to the lake for a dip. A varied landscape of wood, meadows and lakes will accompany you to Monnickendam. Today’s cycling trip concludes in festive fishing port Volendam. Browse the home-decor and gift shops for a great find or have a seat at a pavement cafe on the dike overlooking the water.
Near the old quarter of quaint red-brick houses, stands Volendams Museum where you can find out all about this close-knit community’s history, culture and folklore. Inspiring period rooms, traditional costumes and jewellery are part of the permanent exposition. There’s a section on eel fishery complete with model boats. The art collection is a delight but just wait till you see that truly incredible mosaic...
Via the isle of Marken, you will set off back to Amsterdam, arriving in plenty of time for more sightseeing.
The cycling holiday draws to a close. After breakfast at your hotel, it is time to go home.
|Daily from April 1 till September 25|
|Double room, breakfast||550.00|
|Single room, breakfast||700.00|
|Extra night (breakfast only)||70.00|
|2020-08-03 - 2020-09-27||-20.00|
|2020-08-03 - 2020-08-31||10.00|
|Inntel Hotel Zaandam, Zaandam||30.00|
|Landgoed Duin & Kruidberg, Santpoort||0.00|
|Westcord Art Hotel, Amsterdam||10.00|
|Surcharges per person||€|
|Stay in Amsterdam on saturday||20.00|
|Stay in Amsterdam from:
2021-04-02 - 2021-04-05
2021-04-16 - 2021-04-17
2021-05-13 - 2021-05-15
2021-05-22 - 2021-05-24
2021-10-15 - 2021-10-17
|Bike Breakdown pass||€ 3.00 x 5||15.00|
|Child seat||€ 5.00 x 5||25.00|
|Bike theft insurance||€ 3.00 x 5||15.00|
|E-bike theft insurance||€ 6.00 x 5||30.00|
|Theft insurance premium bike||€ 6.00 x 5||30.00|
|Extra luggage||€ 5.00 x 5||25.00|
|Add on bike||€ 6.00 x 5||30.00|
|Child trailer||€ 17.50 x 5||87.50|
|Bike helmet||per piece||10.00|
Below are the accommodations that we book as standard for this trip. They are carefully selected by us for cyclists. All rooms have a shower or bath and toilet. If one of the hotels is fully booked, we will reserve a comparable alternative.
If you don’t bring your own, you can rent a bicycle from us. Our touring bikes are 24-speed gear. You can find all the information regarding our rental bikes below.
You will find your rental bikes waiting for you at your first hotel. The hotel reception staff will give you the keys for your bikes and direct you to the bicycle shed. All bikes are provided with chain locks.
All our rental bikes come with a bell.
All our adult bikes come with hand brakes.
For children up to 30 months old (max. 15 KG) it is possible to rent a front child seat. This is not possible with e-bikes, due to the display.
For children older than 30 months (max. 22KG) it is possible to rent a rear child seat. This is also possible with e-bikes.
Both front- and rear child seats are €5,- per day.
It is possible to rent a GPS device when you start your tour in Amsterdam, Bruges, Utrecht, Huizen or Bunnik for €20,-.
Helmets are not mandatory in the Netherlands, but can be rented for €10,- per piece.
Available sizes: Adult: 54-61 cm, Child: 50-55 cm.
All our bikes come with both front- and rear lights. You need to push the button on the lamp and it will flash three times. This means that the lights will automatically start working when it gets dark.
When you push again, the lamp will flash one time and the lights will be turned off.
Our bikes come with a defender lock with plug in chain (cable lock that is attached to the regular lock, see picture).
You need to turn the key a bit, take out the pin from the cable lock and attach it to a pole/other bike/fence etc.
When you push the pin back into the regular lock, you need to lock the regular lock as you always do, and both locks will be secured.
1 pannier is included at the 'standard' bikes and the e-bikes.
Height: 42 cm
Depth front to the side: 17 cm
Wide top: 32 cm
Wide down: 23 cm
Volume: 20 liters
It has an easy click-on/click-off system. The panniers are water resistant, so everything will stay dry.
The rental bikes come with regular pedals, so no click-in/SPD pedals.
All our bikes come with a quick release system, which makes it very easy to adjust the height of the saddle and the handle bars.
There is one small puncture kit included, which can be found in the pannier. In case a rental bike has another problem, we always advise you to go to a bike repair shop or call the bike breakdown emergency number which is provided in the travel documents when you book this extra service.
Saddles can be adjusted in height without using any tools, see ‘Quick Release’.
Our saddles don’t come with a gel cover.
Dutch Biketours does not provide water bottles. We can also not guarantee that there are bottle holders on the bikes. You will always receive 1x pannier, so you can always store your water bottle in your pannier.
A Racing bike is € 20,00 a day.
Two of our mostly used race bikes are Montreal 74 Eddy Merckx and Blockhaus 67 Eddy Merckx, both unisex.
The bikes are made from aluminium.
A Tag-along bike is €6,00 a day.
A tag-along bike is a good option for children between approx. 100 cm and 125 cm, as they can pedal themselves and on their own pace but don’t have to worry about other traffic.
A Tandem bike is € 20,00 a day.
We have a limited amount of tandem bikes available on request.
Tandem bikes are suitable for two adults only.
The tandem bikes have a frame size of 48 cm.
We mostly use the Victoria Spezial 8.7.
This tandem bike comes with 24-derailleur gears or nuvinci gears.
The height of the handle bars on a tandem bike cannot be adjusted.
A child’s bike is € 10,00 a day.
For children who are at least 125 cm, we can also arrange bikes (these are 24”or 26” for children that are bigger than 140 cm).
The child bikes come with at least 7-gears and hand brakes.
The maximum body height for a child’s bike is 155 cm.
24" child bike:
26" child bike:
A child trailer is €17,50 a day.
Child trailers can be rented for a maximum of two children who are up to 100 cm (max. 35 KG in total).
We mostly use the XLC Duo 2 child trailer.
Child trailers are not possible in combination with e-bikes.
An electric bike is €25,00 a day.
The e-bikes have a small electric engine and battery, which can be charged at the hotels. You still have to pedal: it just makes pedaling much easier. Some experience with e-bikes is recommended, as the bikes accelerate faster and are heavier than regular bikes because of the electric engine.The weight of the e-bike is ca. 27 KG.
A family tandem is €20,00 a day.
We have limited family tandem bikes available on request.
The family tandems have 7-gears and can be used for one adult and one child with a minimum body height of 125 cm.
A standard hybrid bike is €12,00 a day.
Our hybrid bikes have 21-gears with hand brakes.
The hybrid bikes are circa 16,5 KG.
Do you wish to insure your bike against theft? The cost is € 3,- per day per standard hybrid bicycle.
For an electric bicycle, premium bike or racing bike: € 6,00 per day per bicycle.
Please see the General Terms and Conditions for Bicycle Hire and Insurance.
If a rental bike gets stolen or damaged, we will hold the client responsible.
If your insurance does not cover this event, you will have to pay the costs yourself.
Mile after wonderful mile of untroubled cycling is what we would wish our clients. However there is a minimal chance of breakdown along the way. If this thought is a nagging worry to you, a Bicycle Breakdown Assistance insurance policy may ease your mind. If you buy this insurance from our partner FietsNED in advance, their service is as follows. If your bike breaks down by the roadside a FietsNED bicycle repair man will drive to you in his repair van and fix your bike so you can continue your tour.You won’t have to pay him repair costs. If you are cycling on your own bicycle you will be charged for any new spare parts your bike may require. If you are renting a bicycle through Dutch Bike Tours any new parts are at our expense. If it turns out the bicycle cannot be repaired on the spot, or if you don’t wish to continue cycling, the repairman can drop you off somewhere in his van. One companion plus bikes may join you in the van.
The Bike Breakdown Pass is €2,75 per day per bike and can only be booked for every participant in a booking.
Article 1 Bike Rental Price
The bike rental price is determined by the rates mentioned on the Dutch Bike Tours website at the time of the booking; or as subsequently agreed.
Article 2 Payment
a. The rental price and any other due sums regarding the rental agreement must be paid before the bike is handed over to you.
b. If, for whatever reason, you cannot make use of the bike(s) you have rented, Dutch Bike Tours will not be held responsible for any resulting expenses or damage.
c. In the case of the article 2b, the client remains obliged to pay the full rental price and any other amounts mentioned in the invoice, in accordance with our General Terms and Conditions of Booking, unless the client can prove that his not being able to use the bike was the consequence of a defect that was already present at the beginning of the rental period.
Article 3 Rental Period
a. The rental period runs from the morning of the first cycling day (day 2) to the end of the holiday (the departure day), as stated in the booking confirmation.
b. Extension of the rental period is possible only after approval by us and according to the (extension) rates as mentioned in article 1.
c. No refunds are possible after the rental period begins. If you return the bike(s) to us before the end of your holiday, the rental agreement will automatically be terminated and you will not get any of your money back.
d. At the end of the last cycling day of your holiday, the bike(s) must be returned to the hotel from where it was/they were issued, no later than the time stated in the booking confirmation.
If you book a one way tour tour you can leave the bike at the last hotel of the trip.
e. If the bike(s) is /are not returned by the return time stated in the booking confirmation, we will continue to charge you rent until such time as the bike(s) is/are returned to us or is/are received by us. In the event of late return, the rates as mentioned in article 1 will continue to apply, plus a fine of €25 per day. We also reserve the right to demand payment for any costs and/or damages suffered by us due to late return of our rental bike(s).
f. Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, in the event of late return of our rental bikes, we reserve the right to dissolve the rental agreement without judicial intervention and immediately claim back our bicycles where ever they may be and from whomever has them. Dutch Bike Tours also holds this right in the event that the client does not comply with any of the other conditions stated in this rental agreement.
Article 4 Improper Use
a. The bicycle(s) may only be used for its/their intended purpose and only by the cyclists listed in the rental agreement.
b. The bike(s) must be returned to us in the same (clean!) state in which you received it/them.
c. You must take excellent care of the bicycle(s), as if it/they were your own. You must take every precaution against damage, loss or theft.
d. The bicycle may not be used on the beach; or on sandy paths in the dunes unless a paved path is unavailable.
Article 5 Damage, Loss and Theft
The renter will be held responsible for damages to or loss of the bicycle(s) or parts of it, as well as bicycle keys and chains and locks, for such an amount as is determined by us according to standard market prices. You must understand that you are not insured for damage to the bicycle(s) or for any damages to third parties.
Article 6 Theft Insurance
It is possible to purchase Bicycle Theft Insurance. Covered are: damages arising out of the theft of the bicycle; and damages to the bicycle as a consequence of the theft. Not covered are: theft of bicycle parts; and damages arising out of attempted theft.
Article 7 Theft Insurance Premium
a. The premium for Bicycle Theft Insurance is € 3,00 per day per standard hybrid bicycle. For an electric bicycle € 6,00 per day as well for a Premium bike and racing bike.
The number of insurance days is the same as the number of cycling days as stated in our booking confirmation.
Article 8 Liability in the Event of Theft
a. If you did not purchase Bicycle Theft Insurance from us before the start of the holiday, you will be held fully accountable for the sum determined by us according to standard prices.
b. If you did purchase Bicycle Theft Insurance from us, but you failed to lock the wheel lock and failed to produce the original wheel lock key and failed to produce an official theft report drawn up by the police, you will still be held fully accountable for the sum determined by us according to standard prices.
Article 9 Costs During the Rental Period
Any charges and taxes regarding the rental bicycle(s), such as fines and ferry tickets, are to be paid by you. You will also be required to pay all costs ensuing from the use of the bicycle(s) such as parking fees, maintenance and repairs.
5 Nights included
3/4 Star Hotels
Tourist tax included
Breakfast included, Halfboard optional
Detailed roadbooks with maps and tourist information
The possibility of renting our bikes
7-days a week service-hotline
Luggage transport to your next hotel
Amsterdam Sloterdijk / Amsterdam CS
Parking possibilities at the hotel
Any ferry crossings are not included
Nearest Airport is Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (AMS)
...As first time bike tourers we were a little apprehensive initially but gained in confidence as the week went on We did not use GPS which may have assisted us on a couple of occasions. Every hotel very good and well appointed...
...Had a great holiday travelling around near Amsterdam. The weather was changeable but we managed to avoid most of the showers. Although we had a problem one day with a bike, Dutch Bike tours helped us contact the bike insurance quickly and they turned up and fixed it so we could continue onwards. All communication with Dutch Bike tours was great, they were very efficient and helpful, with excellent English. I did find my bike seat a bit sore though, but I bought a seat pad which really helped!! We would certainly book with them again, as the luggage transfer was efficient and the routes were really quiet and well planned. Thankyou for a great holiday...
...The location of the hotels were fantastic!...
...There wasn’t anything about this trip that we didn’t enjoy. The routes were varied and interesting and the accommodation and breakfasts were all very good. We have never been to Holland before and this trip and opportunity to see the variety of places in just 4 days surpassed our expectations. We thoroughly enjoyed the whole experience and all the staff were extremely helpful and friendly. We can’t recommend it enough. Thank you...
...We really enjoyed Haarlem, and also the journey between Zaandam and Volendam - “the best playground in the world” according to my children!...
...It was a great holiday with lots of laughs...
...The bikes were great - better than our bikes at home. We had a great time. We were lucky with the weather. We will recommend the tour to our friends...
...thank you very much! We are very grateful to you. We have enjoyed much of the route. see you soon!...
...Everything was excellent...
...Excellent pack provided at first hotel with easy to understand routes
A great bike trip which delivered all expectations. Extremely well organised...
...A great bike trip which delivered all expectations. Directions were very clear to understand, extremely well organised...
...Good organisation and well planned holiday...
Thank you very much. Everything was very good. The bikes and the hotels. We had lots of fun!!!
...We thoroughly enjoyed ourselves on the tour. If only you could have provided better weather! Actually it wasn't too bad - we managed to avoid biking in the rain most of the time.
I think if there was any room for improvement it was on our night in Zaander. The hotel was lovely but we felt like there was really nothing to see or do in the immediate area. We went to bed early and did our sightseeing in Zaanse Shans early the next morning. I suppose there isn't much to do anywhere in the area at night. Your company's service was excellent and I will certainly recommend it to anyone wishing to bicycle in the Netherlands...
....We'd love to do it again, but with better maps and details, (and a LOT more sunshine!) and maybe a little less ambitious of a tour. I'd rather cycle no more than 30-40km between and have more time to wander around and and explore the sights along the way. We didn't feel like we had time to explore Gouda at all, for example. And along the route between Utrecht and Bunnik there are many side paths that looked inviting, but we didn't feel we had time to deviate from the path....
....danke der Nachfrage, es hat alles prima geklappt. Die Änderung der Tour mit der Übernachtung in Zaandvort war super und wir hatten einen sehr schönen Abend mit Sonnenuntergang am Strand. Der heftige Sturm am Samstag 25. Juli war dann natürlich weniger schön, aber wir haben auf dem Land nahe Volendam sehr nette Leute kennengelernt, die uns sofort geholfen haben. Die Tour mit GPS zu fahren war ebenfalls super....
...Thank you for your help. We had a wonderful tour!...
...We had a great time on our tour! We were very happy with the quality of our hotels and the bikes. We saw many beautiful things along the way too. There were times when the GPS instructions were not very clear or were confused by detours so I am happy that we had several types of directions as reference. Overall, my cousin and I had an amazing trip and would be happy to recommend Dutch Bike Tours to our friends. I can't wait to return to the Netherlands again someday!...
...We enjoyed our Dutch Bike Tours holiday very much. In almost all regards, it exceeded our expectations. The hotels were excellent, the transfer of the luggage was flawless, and, most importantly, the routes were good and our cycling experience was outstanding. All made for a memorable vacation for us....
....Thank you for the idea of a cycling holiday. We used your Holland Highlights tour and then working with you, we adapted the route to suit our own interests. We timed everything around the Wednesday Cheese Market in Edam! Everything worked well and we had a great time. The ‘Holland Highlights’ tour is aimed at people who want to do short distances. This was great. I do not have a bike and at 60years was worried how I would cope....
...We very much enjoyed The Art Hotel, very helpful and enthusiastic receptions staff, and great breakfast. Bikes fine. Directions worked well except when getting out of Amsterdam on day 1....
...We enjoyed our cycle tour very much, and were extremely impressed with the administrative detail, the transport of our luggage and how smoothly the trip went! The hotels were all comfortable and we had some lovely food. We were especially impressed with the Westcord Art hotel in Amsterdam, which was a very welcome haven, with everything we could want at the end of our trip as the last day was very windy and cold!...
We were very pleased with our holiday. The bikes were good as was the accommodation.
...Our ebike tour was a great success. We are certainly considering another similar booking with you...
...We had an absolutely fabulous time. Thank you so much. The organisation was without fault. The bikes all in excellent condition. The tour was great and all the directions perfect. Our accommodation was exceptional standard. The breakfast was great and the level of service and friendliness was overwhelming. We were delighted and I have since recommended you to many of our friends. We are very keen to come again, maybe next year. Can you please send me your brochure when you have it for 2015 please. See you again...
...Thank you for a wonderful Holiday, one of the best we have ever had. We were pleased with the quality of the bikes. They were just right for the type of riding we were doing. The hotels were all well chosen, clean and very comfortable. They all provided plentiful tasty breakfasts to set us up for a days riding on your brilliant Dutch cycle routes. (England has a lot to learn!) Our only criticism is that you really need to improve the directions for getting out of the cities. We had problems finding the route out of both Amsterdam and Haarlem. More precise directions, including more road names in the cities would have been a great help. Apart from that we enjoyed the routes that you had chosen and hope to book another holiday with you again next year...
...The hotels were lovely, the food was excellent, and everybody we met was very kind and friendly. As this was the first time we had done this, however, we would maybe have liked to have our hands held a bit more. The Casa 400 receptionists didn’t seem to know much, and had to be reminded that we would have a pack waiting for us. Fortunately they found it. We had thought that someone would issue us with bikes. It seemed very casual to just go and take them, but fortunately the reception also found the keys and we found bikes with our names on. Perhaps the procedure could be explained a bit more. Amsterdam was quite hard to navigate when we were not used to the signs, and we did get lost once or twice. I am not sure what you could do about this though! We would also have welcomed a bit more description of what we were passing through, or what we could see if we decided to take different routes. As we are slower cyclists we cycled to our destination first, and then did the sight seeing once we had arrived. Many people might feel more comfortable doing it this way. It was a very enjoyable experience, the weather was mostly lovely, the scenery interesting and as I said, the people were very kind and helpful. When we got lost (signs disappearing) in the outskirts of Haarlem, two elderly people on mobility scooters insisted on showing us the way, and giving us a guided tour of the town at the same time. We had to pedal quite fast to keep up with them. That was so kind! I hope we shall be back for another holiday, and know what we are doing this time before we get there....
... I was (and am) very impressed by your company. From the moment that I first asked questions about options about trips, to actually making a reservation, I was impressed by your quick replies. I am happy for you to use feedback. I loved the trip and found the whole experience absolutely fabulous. My only suggestion would be to stay in Edam, not Volendam. We spent an hour in Edam on the morning before we left before returning to Volendam and then taking the ferry to Marken and the dyke to the mainland. I would happily recommend your company for your email service alone. The notes etc were all fine and we soon learnt to adapt as we went along. And finally, Holland is so flat after years of cycling on the Scottish west coast islands - that we really could not go wrong...
...The directions were clear, the hotels and meals both very nice. It is amazing the the Netherlands has such a wonderful network of bike trails. Since we arrived in Amsterdam a day early, and had two extra days there at the end of the tour, we decided to skip the rather detailed wanderings through the city on the recommended route on the first day. Instead we charted our own course to Sloterdijk from the Westcort Art Hotel, an easy ride, and picked up the route to Haarlem there. You might consider offering this as an alternative to riders who want to skip the city riding. Haarlem was great, not crowded and easy to get around in. We especially liked the windmill tour. On the way home from Volendam, we followed your directions to Centraal Station, and then navigated back to the Hotel via map, which seemed easier than following the route you detailed. The bikes were good, we had only one half day of rain, and we count this as a great vacation and a terrific way to see Holland and meet the Dutch people...
...Thanks for checking in, the tour was fantastic. Everything was well organized and coordinated. I hope we are able to do it again sometime soon!...
....We had a great time on our tour. Really enjoyed the diversity of this part of Holland.
Had a few challenges with the signage. In the country we missed a few signposts that may have been hidden by weeds or hedges. In the city the signage was generally good.
Found the hotels very good and nicely located near major attractions. The staff at the hotels were great and our luggage arrived most days before we did. All hotels were aware of my wife's need to eat gluten free and looked after her very well.
Only suggestion that we have is that it might be better for both riders to have the knooppoint instructions. The other thought we had is to maybe push the gps a little stronger. We would likely use it the next time (assuming that feedback is positive about their use). Notice I said next time. :). My wife would like to do another tour in two years time. Time will tell.
Thank you again for looking after this very pleasant part of our vacation. We will indeed refer our friends to your company. By the way the bikes and panniers were excellent....
...My son and I just finished our Holland Highlights bike tour and we thoroughly enjoyed ourselves! Your bike culture is simply amazing. This will make you laugh but we must have taken at least ten photos of the underground bike parking lots. I want to send those photos to our city council and suggest we should try this approach in Canada.
At any rate, we appreciated the top quality bikes, great bag transport and nice hotels. I would not hesitate to recommend your company to all my friends. Thank you!...
....Thank you for e-mailing me. I was planning to e-mail you to let you know my feelings about our experience. Overall, our group of 7 found the experience of bicycling through the Netherlands to be absolutely wonderful. I feel the major part of the success of our vacation was due to your organization.
The bicycles provided were in very good condition and made the riding a pleasure. The GPS was a wonderful help. Amir was very helpful and professional in setting me up with the GPS.
The hotels chosen were wonderful, especially in Edam. This was our favorite town and hotel of the trip. We were very happy that we stayed in Edam rather than Volendam. We have already recommended your organization to a number of friends and acquaintances that were interested in our trip. We also hope to someday (? Next year) do another bicycle tour through the Netherlands.
Thank you again for making our trip such a wonderful experience....